TROUBLESHOOTING BASIC STEERING AND SUSPENSION PROBLEMS


Most problems in the front end and steering are caused by improperly maintained tires which you can correct yourself, or by incorrect wheel alignment, which requires the services of a professional mechanic. Get in the habit of checking tires frequently; this is usually the first place that problems in the front end or steering will show up.

The Condition Is Caused By What to Do

Hard Steering (steering wheel is hard to turn) Low or uneven tire pressure Inflate tires to correct pressure
  Loose power steering pump drive belt Adjust belt
  Low or incorrect power steering fluid Add fluid as necessary
  Incorrect front end alignment Have front end alignment checked /adjusted
  Defective power steering pump Have pump checked /repaired
  Bent or poorly lubricated front end parts Lubricate and/or have defective parts replaced

Loose Steering (too much play in the steering wheel Loose wheel bearings Adjust wheel bearings
  Loose or worn steering linkage Have worn parts serviced
  Faulty shocks Replace shocks
  Worn ball joints Have ball joints checked /serviced

Car Veers or Wanders (car pulls to one side with hands off the steering wheel) Incorrect tire pressure Inflate tires to correct pressure
  Improper front end., alignment Have front end alignment checked /adjusted
  Loose wheel bearings Adjust wheel bearings
  Loose or bent front end components Have worn components checked /serviced
  Faulty shocks Replace shocks

Wheel oscillation or vibration transmitted through steering wheel Improper tire pressures Inflate tires to correct pressure
  Tires out of balance Have tires balanced
  Loose wheel bearings Adjust wheel bearings
  Improper front end alignment Have front end alignment checked /adjusted
  Worn or bent front end components Have front end checked /serviced

Uneven tire wear (see Section 26-Tires) Incorrect tire pressure Inflate tires to correct pressure
  Front end out of alignment Have front end alignment checked /adjusted
  Tires out of balance Have tires balanced

The Condition Is Caused By What to Do


TROUBLESHOOTING BASIC STEERING AND SUSPENSION PROBLEMS